Our speech language pathologists specialize in all neurological disorders. Treatment may involve areas of cognition, memory, orientation, problem solving and reasoning. Individualized treatment is developed and implemented to ensure each person reaches their full potential for improvement.
The following list represents only a select group of neurological disorders:
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, sometimes called Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a progressive brain disease that attacks the nerve cells that control voluntary muscles. This disease belongs to a group of motor neuron disorders (e.g. muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease).
Aphasia is a disturbance of the comprehension and expression of language caused by dysfunction of the brain. Aphasia causes problems with any or all of the following: speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
Cerebral palsy is a movement disorder caused by damage to the brain before, during, or soon after birth. The ability for people with cerebral palsy to communicate effectively is often impaired by problems with speech and gestures which are used in communication. (This definition was taken from NIH)
Cleft lip/Cleft Palate
A cleft lip is an opening in the lip; Cleft Palate: A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth. A child can have a cleft lip, cleft palate, or both. With this diagnosis you may also hear that your child has a craniofacial anomaly or craniofacial disorder.
Dementia is a group of symptoms related to memory loss and overall cognitive impairment. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common and well-studied cause of dementia, affecting up to 70% of those diagnosed with dementia.
Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder. The muscles of the mouth, face, and respiratory system may become weak, move slowly, or not move at all. This may create lack of intelligibility of speech.
Dysphagia is defined as difficulty swallowing. Symptoms of dysphagia can include coughing while swallowing or after swallowing, choking on food or liquid, the sensation of food getting stuck in the throat, pain during swallowing, shortness of breath during feeding and onset of pneumonia.
Patients with Dysphagia can be at risk for aspiration or blocked airway. The VitalStim Therapy System is a revolutionary treatment for swallowing disorders that we utilize here at Tallahassee Speech Center.
Huntington’s Disease is a brain disorder in which there is progressive neurodegeneration. Speech and swallowing problems occur when the centers of motor or cognitive control are affected that cause muscle weakness or discoordination (chorea).
A stroke can cause paralysis or muscle weakness, loss of feelings, speech and language problems, memory and reasoning problems, swallowing difficulties, problems of vision and visual perception, coma, and even death.
Traumatic Brain Injury
A traumatic brain injury is a result of any injury to the head. This may result in cognitive/communication impairments.
There are two major types of TBI:
- Penetrating Injuries: In these injuries, a foreign object (e.g. bullet) enters the brain and causes damage to specific brain parts. This focal, or localized, damage occurs along the route the object has traveled in the brain. Symptoms vary depending n the part of the brain that is damaged.
- Closed Head Injuries: This injury is a result from a blow to the head (i.e. head striking the windshield during a car accident)