Aphasia is a disturbance of the comprehension and expression of language caused by dysfunction of the brain. Aphasia causes problems with any or all of the following: speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
Autism/Pervasive Developmental Delay/Asperger’s
Autism/PDD is a developmental disability that causes problem with social skills and communication. It ranges from mild to severe. Children with Autism may have problems with communication, social skills, and reacting to the word around them. Not all behaviors will exist in every child.
Language-Based Learning Delay/Auditory Processing Deficits
Language-based learning disabilities are problems with age appropriate reading, spelling, and/or writing. This may occur at the preschool, school-aged, and adolescent levels. Phonological deficits may also interfere with reading comprehension and production.
Word finding difficulties may be evident as well as memory deficits. Language delay may present weakness in phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, or pragmatics.
Preschool Language Delays
A disorder characterized by difficulty understanding and using language. The disorder can be receptive, expressive, or a combination of expressive and receptive. Early intervention is critical to success.
Selective Mutism is a disorder in which a child does not speak in certain situation, like at school, but speaks at other times, like at home or with friends.
An inability to use language for different purposes (i.e. greeting, informing, commenting, requesting, etc.) changing language (i.e. talking differently to a baby than an adult), and following the rules for conversations and storytelling (i.e. taking turns in conversation, introducing topics of conversation, staying on topic, etc.).